EffectsIn previous clinical studies of risperidone for the treatment of schizophrenia, people taking the medication experienced improvements in their symptoms of schizophrenia (including hallucinations and suspiciousness), compared to those not taking it. Longer studies also showed that risperidone can help keep symptoms from returning.
Previous clinical studies have also shown risperidone to be effective at treating bipolar disorder. In these studies, the drug was effective at treating episodes of mania or mixed episodes (which involve symptoms of both mania and depression). Risperidone was effective when used alone or in combination with other bipolar disorder medications.
Several studies have shown risperidone to also be effective at treating the emotional symptoms of autism. Children taking risperidone experienced fewer behavior problems, including aggression, self-harm, temper tantrums, and quickly changing moods. Longer studies also showed that the medication can help keep these symptoms from returning.
When and How to Take RisperidoneThe following are some general considerations for when and how to take the medication:
- Risperidone comes in tablet form. It is usually taken by mouth once or twice a day.
- It can be taken with or without food. If it bothers your stomach, try taking it with food.
- Risperidone also comes in a liquid form and in orally disintegrating tablets that dissolve rapidly in the mouth (risperidone M-Tabs®). These products are helpful for people who have difficulty swallowing tablets. A long-acting injectable form (risperidone Consta®) is also available.
- Risperidone M-Tabs should be kept in their original foil blister until just before use. Carefully peel back the foil, as pushing the tablet through the foil can crush the delicate tablet. These tablets will dissolve rapidly in your mouth, without any need for water. These tablets should not be chewed, split, or crushed.
- Risperidone should be taken at the same time(s) each day to maintain even levels of the drug in your blood.
- For the medication to work properly, it must be taken as prescribed. It will not work if you stop taking it.