Bipolar Disorder Home > Bipolar Disorder

Episodes of Depression
Depressive episodes of bipolar disorder include the following symptoms:
  • Persistent sad mood
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed
  • Significant change in appetite or body weight
  • Oversleeping or difficulty sleeping
  • Physical slowing or agitation
  • Loss of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt
  • Difficulty thinking or concentrating
  • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide.
Manic Episodes
Manic episodes of bipolar disorder include abnormally and persistently high mood or irritability and at least three of the following symptoms:
  • Overly inflated self-esteem
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Increased talkativeness
  • Racing thoughts
  • Distractibility
  • Increased goal-directed activity, such as shopping
  • Physical agitation
  • Excessive involvement in risky behaviors or activities.

Mixed State of Bipolar Disorder

In a mixed state of bipolar disorder, symptoms of mania and depression are present at the same time. These symptoms frequently include:
  • Agitation
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Significant change in appetite
  • Psychosis
  • Suicidal thinking.
The episodes may be separated by periods of wellness during which a person suffers few to no symptoms, especially early in the course of bipolar disorder. When four or more episodes of illness occur within a 12-month period, the person is said to have bipolar disorder with rapid cycling. Bipolar disorder is often complicated by co-occurring alcohol or substance abuse.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
List of references (click here):
Other Articles in This eMedTV Presentation

Topics & Medications


Related Channels

eMedTV Links
Copyright © 2006-2019 Clinaero, Inc.

eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind. Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click Terms of Use for more information.

This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.