Lithium (Eskalith®, Eskalith CR®, Lithobid®) is a medication often prescribed to treat bipolar disorder in adults and children over the age of 12. It comes in several different forms, including capsules, regular tablets, extended-release tablets, and a syrup.
Although it is not known exactly how lithium works for bipolar disorder, it is believed to affect certain chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters. The medicine is not a cure for the mental illness but can be used to control symptoms of the condition. Lithium has been shown to be effective in treating manic episodes and preventing relapses.
Prior to taking any lithium medication, it is important to talk to your healthcare provider if you are pregnant (or thinking of becoming pregnant) or have kidney disease, dehydration, heart disease, or low sodium levels in your blood.
(Click Lithium for more information about the various types of lithium medication, to learn more about the effects of this medicine, and to find out what side effects may occur during the treatment process.)